1. Techno-economic models of the considered SOFC-based CHP systems

The following deliverable is presenting the technical and economical details of the 3 SOFC systems installed in the framework of the COMSOS project. Because of the system-level nature of the project, the systems will be modelled with a ‘black box’ approach and input-output streams will be listed for each system, together with its performance and lifetime. Economic data have been also collected in terms of investment (stack and Balance of Plant -BoP) and operating costs but won’t be shown in this report because of confidentiality issues. The techno-economic model of the considered SOFC-based CHP systems will be then used for the business analysis to evaluate the affinity (both technical and economical) between the considered SOFC-CHP systems and the different market segments. This is the public version of the D5.2 report

Download here the deliverable: Techno-economic models of the considered SOFC-based CHP systems


2. Market analysis of CHP solutions applied in commercial applications

The following deliverable is focusing on the market analysis for the Comsos Mini FC-CHP systems. The work is showing benefits and drawbacks of specific markets, defined in accordance with the consortium. For specific market segments, like hospitals, hotels and supermarkets, a detailed analysis on load profiles and market size has been developed. Furthermore, for the supermarket sector, a detailed techno-economic model (developed in D5.2) has been applied to verify the benefit of installing a FC system in this sector. Results show interesting technical and economic benefit of these installations in the presented segments. Furthermore, an analysis on different geographical regions has been conducted to define the best regions where the installation of SOFC-CHP systems should start, because of positive boundaries conditions.

Download here the deliverable:Market analysis of CHP solutions applied in commercial applications


3. Business case analysis for the 10-50 kW range per unit

The energy system in the EU is changing at a rapid pace. SOFC technology matches the demand of end-customers around the EU where there is a need for flexible, distributed, efficient, reliable and clean energy. Within the Comsos project three manufacturers aim to develop a new product and business proposition for the commercial sector. The commercial sector, with its relative high energy prices, continuous demand and significant volumes is assumed to be the right stepping stone towards achieving economies of scale. All manufacturers will validate new product segments in collaboration with the respective customers and confirm product performance, the business case and size, and test in real life the distribution channel including maintenance and service. In function of the specific segments, the system will be suitable for volumes from few 10’s to several 1,000 systems per year. This report investigates the business cases for the commercial sector.

Download here the deliverable: Business case analysis for the 10 – 50 kW range per unit


4. Business case analysis for the modular installation of size > 50 kW per unit.

This document is an addition to the Comsos report “SOFC in commercial sector – Business case analysis”. It will discuss the impact of installing multiple systems on the business cases for SOFC CHP in the commercial sector. What are the differences in the conditions that should be taken care of when installing?

Download here the deliverable: Business case analysis for the modular installation of size 50+ kW per unit


5. Report on Large Scale Manufacturing Strategy for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)

This paper shall illustrate the ways to largescale manufacturing along the different steps of the value chain, also related to specific SOFC materials, components and technologies that are the proprietary knowledge in the different companies that own this knowledge and IP.

Download here the deliverable: Report on large scale manufacturing strategy


6. Verification plan of the installed systems

Field measurements for selected SOFC installations will be carried out at least for one year (no less than 9000 hours of data) to confirm the energy and environmental benefits of SOFC systems over conventional technology. These field-measurements will include CO2, NOx and particulate measurements. This task also carries out day-to-day monitoring of the whole demonstration fleet. The gathered data from the installed systems will be condensed into a monthly newsletter to partners informing them of the key parameters of the systems such as produced power, performance and availability.

Download here the deliverable:Verification plan of the installed systems


7. Financial Scheme proposal for market entry of commercial SOFC-based CHP systems

In order to identify the need for a financial support scheme we will make a simplified analysis that will show a robust mechanism to help the SOFC industry to mature.
We will shortly summarize the choices made in defining an average module, interesting markets and potential customers. Based on this and the outcome of the cost analysis growth phases of the industry are established. These growth phases, the underlying cost curve and acceptable retail price are used to analyse the funding gap. Based on this analysis and an evaluation of the existing schemes, the need and possibilities for a financial scheme will be discussed.

Download here the deliverable: D5.8 – Financial Scheme proposal for market entry of commercial SOFC-CHP systems


8. The grid balancing role of SOFC-based distributed generation

The following deliverable is focused on the analysis of SOFC integration in a Virtual Power Plant for grid balancing. The document includes a first description on the status of grid balancing roles with focus on Italy and Germany, followed by an analysis of two possible optimized case studies where an SOFC is integrated within a supermarket (COMSOS case study) with the aim of performing also grid balancing activities.

Download here the deliverable:D5.9 – The grid balancing role of SOFC-based distributed generation


9. Non-technical barriers for the SOFC adoption in the commercial sector and connected environmental and socio-economic impacts at the European scale

The following document analyse the main non-technical barriers for the SOFC adoption in the EU area. The analysis relies on existing literature and FHC-JU projects focused on economic, legal and RC&S barriers. Finally, an update within the Comsos project has been performed in the Conclusions section.

Download here the deliverable: D5.12


10. Analysis of the public awareness of the potentials of FC-based solutions in the commercial sector

Public awareness is the public’s level of understanding about the importance and implications of a certain value proposition. The ComSos project increases public awareness by communications towards the broad society, with key messages on the environmental and energy advantages related to the SOFC-CHP systems. Potential market applications are many and widespread in different sectors: industrial, commercial and residential.
The term ‘public’ thus includes all potential customers for FC systems, from citizens to industry, and includes decision makers like policy actors and authorities. Furthermore, videos, online courses and social media will support the reaching of a broad audience.
The ComSos value proposition towards the public is that FC technology is not distant from people´s everyday life but a key solution related to many sectors, from the own house to the working environment and from sport centers to fast food restaurants, with the ability to provide a better use of resources and lower environmental impacts.
This report shows the Comsos activities which have been performed with the aim of increasing the public awareness.

Download here the deliverable: D5.11


11. Performance and emissions of installed systems, 1

The following document shows the first results from the Comsos SOFC installations, in terms of energy
performance (normalised power-efficiency curves) and environmental performance (pollutants emissions).

Download here the deliverable: D4.5